The early latin accounts have been examined and the most interesting entries translated. We are grateful to Dr Katherine French of the State University of New York for undertaking this work for the group. Dr French is the author of People of the Parish Community, Life in a late Medieval Diocese in which the Tintinhull Church Wardens Accounts feature.
NOTE: The group has transcribed some of the later years of churchwardens accounts which are not posted on this site. If you would like more information contact email@example.com
see below for a few examples of later years.
Are parish officers responsible for keeping the church and representing the people in parochial matters. It is a temporal post of great antiquity.
Two churchwardens are usually appointed each Easter tuesday. The main duties have been or are:
a) to manage parish property and income.
b) to represent the views of the parishioners in parochial and collective matters.
c) the upkeep of the church fabric, the provision of facilities for worship and the allocation of pews
d) to encourage parishioners to attend church regularly and to ensure that their children are baptised.
e) to attend the Archdeacon's court.
f) to account for the expenditure of the church rate.
g) to assist in the compilation of the parish register.
h) to report, if necessary, any failing in duty of the Incumbent.
i) to supervise the education and relief of the poor in collaboration with the Overseers of the Poor
j) the care of the parish bull
k) to maintain the parish arms and pay the local soldiers.
l) the control and extermination of vermin
m) to present offences within the cognizance of the church courts.
Learn how the parish poor were looked after and managed.
The Phillimore Lecture 2006
by Prof S Hindle
Only ca. 6% of the original Churchwardens Accounts for the Diocese of Bath & Wells still exist. Tintinhull is unique in the Diocese in that it has an almost unbroken sequence of accounts covering the period 1432 to 1672. The value of these documents is that they reflect everyday life and organisation of the parish over a period which includes the reformation. The accounts summarize activities and responsibilities of people of the parish and are not simply financial summaries of income and expenditure. Of particular interest is the fact that they list the inhabitants of the village who were paying the Church Rate for land (owned or leased) around the village. A major project for the History Group is to read and transcribe those accounts which were written in English from the mid 1500s onwards. Only a selection of accounts with transcription can be posted on this web site.
Extract from the Church Wardens Accounts for 1609
The section highlighted in light grey reads
It[e]m paid to John Weaste havinge the Kings brodeseal to geather for on[e] William Read which was Roubide upon seas of vi hundred poundes as his lycences apaared
In English it means that John Weaste was going around, with the seal and licence as authority, to collect money for William Read who presumably had been robbed of his cargo worth £600 by pirates.
The early latin accounts have been examined and the most interesting enteries translated. We are grateful to Dr Katherine French of the State University of New York for undertaking this work for the group. Dr French is the author of People of the Parish Community, Life in a late Medieval Diocese in which the Tintinhull Church Wardens Accounts feature.
Translated extracts from the Church Warden Accounts for years 1433 to 1538
view a small selection of images and transcriptions of the later accounts here.