This outline time line was prepared by Denny Robbins in 2005 .

See also the detailed timeline prepared by Mrs L Rosbottom some years ago

This contains some additional information which probably has a bearing on life in Tintinhull or research possibilities.

The Romans: Ham Hill; Ilchester(Lendinae); Fosse Way, 2m. below present road level, c 47AD;
43AD – C5th Tintinhull Forts; Known settlement – Bearley, Lufton(early C4th)-Dwellings often 1km. apart!

The Romano-British:

The Saxons: A period of infiltration or warfare? They gave the county its name
658 - 1066
870 The ‘Hundreds’
– sub-division of a county, having own court, containing hundred
families, providing 100 fighting men for the king
Tintinhull Hundred = Ilchester, North over, Sock Dennis, Montacute, Stoke-sub-Hamdon,
Lufton, Thorn Coffin and Kingstone.
C10th settled expansion-population grew, towns developed-market centres, villages
developed as a result of the division of old estates/ creation of open field system from 800
Manor of T’hull.=5 hides, 90-120 acres(enough to support the family of a thane)
Given to Wilfric, his servant, by Edmund the Elder, son of Alfred the Great, ca.940
On Wilfric’s death it went to Glastonbury Abbey for his ‘soul-scot’. The Abbey also gained
another 5 hides of T’hull land.
First mention of
Church of St Margaret.

The Normans;
Robert, Count of Mortain, half brother to William-castle on St. Michaels Mount-
William 1066-87 exchanged T’hull for land at Camerton(Frome 100). Supression of locals in1068
1084 Exon Codex-TINTENHALLIE 7 hides and 1 virgate(2 and quarter hides)
A mill
60 acres meadow
200 acres pasture
57 acres wood
5 servants
19 villeins(peasant bound to the Lord, paying service for land)
9 cottages
8 ploughs Value 16
William II 1087 Robert of Mortain slain, succeeded by son William – built a Priory at Montacute in
1087-1100 atonement for his fathers massacre of the Saxons in 1068.T’hull Manor was part of the
endowment- also the church, Hundred, mill, 13 day fair and appertunances in fief(a fee held by military service)
1087 cattle disease in west, spread rapidly; storms destroyed harvest.
Henry I William of Mortain dispossesed by Henry who granted the lands to the Clunaic Monks
1100-35 1102 there was a church in existence at that time
Civil War – Stephen and Matilda, 1135 to 1154 TINTENELL









The Plantagenets
Henry II
Richard I
John
1208 Durand, Prior of Montacute, Rector of T’hull expelled for bad behaviour
1199-1216 1212 Gloving in Ilchester
1218 First priest in T’hull
Henry III 1219 TINEHULL
1216-72
1242-43 Men of Exeter challenge exacting tolls at 13 day Fair
1265 Christina, daughter of Eustace the carpenter rented 40 acres T’hull land for price of pair of gloves ie 1d.


The Middle Ages
Edward I

1272-1307 1280 TINTENHULLE
Burgess of Ilchester complain that T’hull 13 day Fair is detrimental to trade
1290 Gilbert de Clare married Joan Plantagenet – encaustic tiles in church
Edward II 1315 weather bad-flooding. Harvest a disaster/wheat prices up. Murrain among sheep flocks
1307-27 1319 Mill leased to a Walter and Maud de Welnham(VCH P261)
Edward III 1327 lay subsidy role includes names of John Glover and John le Scynner in local glove trade. Prosperous wool trade
1327-77 1337 Beginning of 100 years war with France
1347 Levels more flooded than usual/ no population increase/ down turn in economic activity.
1348 Black Death -more than a third of Britains population dies/thousands of villages wiped out
1350 Village stocks, act of Parliament. Whipping post too?
1362 English the official language of Parliament/law courts
Richard II 1378 Poll Tax
1377-99 Act of Parliament allows leather gloves to be exported
1381 Watt Tyler rebellion/ peasants’ revolt- abolition of serfdom
1382 Pope’s collector of taxes obtained permission to export some gloves from Bristol free of tax
Henry IV 1393 compulsory for every pub/inn to display a symbol on a sign
1402
TYNTENHULLE
Henry V 1413-22
Henry VI
1422-61 1452 west window removed in church
1453 End of 100 years war in France
Edward IV 1455-85 Wars of the Roses
1461-83
Beginning of MINI-ICE AGE
1460 TYNCNELL
Edward V 1483
Richard III
1497 Church House built(of Cob?) to house Brewhouse and Bakehouse/ also let for private baking
1483-85

The Tudors
Henry VII Pre 1529 Parsonage house- 2 unit cross passage
1508 ?document-seal of Henry VIII









Henry VIII 1511 Pews installed in church
1509-47 1518 Stoneying door built in churchyard wall (Montacute castle stone??)
1512 Parsonage, part of todays Court, built (in stone?)
1525 T’hull Manor given to Elizabeth and Francis Darrell of Littlecote by Henry VIII
1529 The Parsonage ceased functioning, converted to secular use-vicar moved out, house let
1531 A stone building replaced the 1497 Church House-rebuilt out of subscriptions inc. one from the
Prior of Montacute for 20s/-
Early C16th Walters Farm- 3 unit, cross passage,cob and post and truss construction, 1 and half storey, thatched
1538 Parish Registers introduced, England and Wales
1539 Dissolution of the Monasteries/ T’hull passed to the Crown. 21 year lease on Parsonage acquired by Sir William Petre, Secretary of State. Assigned this to his friend Edward Napper of Oxford, an absentee landlord – tenanted to Sir John Cuff d 1552. son still tenant 1559
Church bells recast ‘thanks to the bounty of the people’

Edward VI 1550 approx date for College Farm-either a 3 room cross passage or a 2 unit gable entry, 1 and half storey, 1547-53 Approx date for Plowmans Cottage-3 unit cross passage, 1 and half storey, thatch
Jane Grey 1553
Mary I 1554 Sir Thomas Wyatt, the younger – executed for treason or there would have been no Nappers!!
1553-58 1556 Reversion granted to Petre by the Crown
Elizabeth I 1559 Nicholas Napper purchased the Parsonage and rectorial lands
1558-1603 1560 bought the Reversion, so began the 230 year influence of the Nappers
Late C16th date Queens Farm-probably originally built of cob- 2 unit gable entry, 1and half storey with thatch
1570’s first county maps drawn up by Saxton
1572 to Petre’s son
1586 Courts-2 annually before stewards, April and October ( P.261 VCH)
1597 Exeter College largest holding in T’hull of 33 acres
1598-61 Poor Law Act-parish levies
1600 Approx date for The Dairy House-formerly belonging to the Court, 2 storeys, 2 unit central cross passage
For 13 Queen St. – cob, 2 unit gable entry, 1 and half storey, thatch
1602 or earlier Lamb Farm-stone built 2 unit cross passage or 2 unit gable entry, 1 and half storey, thatched



The Stuarts

James I 1603 Francis Farm/House stone built
1603-25 1611 Fosse Way- T’hull responsible for repairs-the Forts to Ilchester Meadow
1612 John, Lord Petre holding Manor for life. (Thomas, 3rd son)
1621 Thos. Napper II, grandson of Nicholas, marries Honor Saunders-Parsonage formed part of the pre-marriage settlement(A?ADZ 14/1-3)
1622 April 10
th – Manor Courts first held at Parsonage

Charles I 1625 Francis, son and a minor
1625-49 1626 Thos. Napper I dies
1626 Wardship of heir, Francis, sold-Dr. William Smith, Warden of Wadham College, Oxford to Simon Baskerville
1628 Last Courts held in the Manor??
Thomas Napper, owner of the Parsonage, leases The Court
1630 T’hull House built Date stone ‘1630 N’ on E gable
1636 Francis Petre came of age and recovered his inheritance
Nathaniel Wright (a tenant?) described as Lord of the Manor
1642
Civil War-Parliamentary troops took 2 surplices, cut them up and distributed them to the poor
1645 Cromwell’s troopers smashed the church windows.
Battle of Langport
1645 Maunder Minimum- Beginning of coldest part of Mini-Ice Age. Witches!
Commonwealth
1650 Thos. Napper II dies. Stage Coaches run
1649-59 1658 Honor Napper passes Parsonage to Thos. III- post marriage settlement(A/ADZ 15) for an annuity of 100
Charles II 1660 Petre succeeded by son Francis
1660-1685 1662 Manor Court jointly held by Francis Petre and William Herris(Harrys?)
1662-89
Hearth Tax(2/- 0n each hearth collected Lady Day and Michelmas)
1669 Thomas Napper III purchased the Manor title and the family moved into The Court.
Presbyterians-congregation of 40 meeting regularly at William Webbs house (VCH)
1670 Cross Tree planted on the Green (to celebrate a victory at sea??)






Courts held in the name of Thos. Napper III
1675 Term ‘Court leets’ used for the Manor Courts
1679 T’hull Court became the Manor House of T’hull –remaining so until the sale of the estate in 1913.
James II 1685 The Dower House built for Honor Napper, nee Saunders, dau of John of Martock –NW wing perhaps 1685-88 built as a cider house
Battle of Sedgemoor – Monmouth Rebellion
William and Mary
1689-94
William III1689-1702 1700 Thos. NapperIII died, having been pre-deceased by his son, Thos IV.
1701 ‘Viewers of Fencing’ (Haywards?) established to supervise fencing/ drainage in T’hull
Anne 1702-14

The Georgians
George I 1715 End of the Maunder Minimum (Very cold snap)
1714-27 1716 population 196
Thos. IV left to Andrew, his younger son a 99 year lease on T’hull House
1714 Andrew Napper came of age
1722 probably moved into T’hull House-upgrading the W front, adding W front garden
1724 married Elizabeth Locket
1725 birth of an Andrew Napper reputed to be a smuggler
George II 1739 TINTENHALL
1727-60
1740-50 Sash windows in study and bedroom over (Arthur Oswald, Country Life)
1746 tenanted ‘The Farm’ to the Pitt family
1752 John Priddle ‘schoolmaster’



1753 Fosse Way turnpiked
George III 1761Andrew Napper died
1760-1820 1762-3 Poor Houses rebuilt as 6 tenements of 2 storeys, each 14ft. square.
1764 Andrew’s widow made it over to their son Andrew, a hide merchant in London.
? Andrew married an heiress- Letitia, dau. of Edward Berkeley-House keeping notes?
1763 Church House converted into poor peoples’ cottages, approx 3m square, 1 up 1 down










1768 Andrew described himself as ‘of Tintinhull’ when he made his will
1790 T’hull Ho. Known as ‘Pitt Farm’
1786-1850 Brick Tax
1786
Slaughterhouses owners had to have licence from Justice of Peace, might be in Church Wardens records
1780-1832
Land Tax-1692-1832 but 1780 on gives names and amounts paid)
1796 Inclosures –only significant holding was Bearley Farm
1801 population up to 553
First census
1818 a day school for 30 boys and girls, a Sunday school for c 70
1819 The Court let ,as T’hull Manor farm, to General Sir Hugh Arbuthnott
The avenue of trees leading to the Fosse Way produced 30 hogsheads of cider = 12,480 pints
TINGELL
George IV 1826 Joseph Chaffey story begins
1833 2 schools (VCH P 265/ Tingel Tales P57)
William IV 1835 T’hull Ho. Sold out of the Napper family- Jeremiah Penny, a yeoman
1830-37


The Victorians

Victoria 1840 census Mansion House Jeremiah Penny Aged 78 Farmer
1837-1901 1891 census Mansion Ho. Samuel B. Penny Aged 68 Retired
1840 Tithe Awards and apportioment
1846-7 School Church St.60 boys and 61 girls and 4 teachers, 2 rooms and a teachers house
A Miss Morey kept a day-school for 4 boys and 19 girls under 2 teachers and there were 2 Dame schools
1850’s end of Mini Ice Age
T’hull House purchased by Dr. S J M Price-clergyman and distinguished botanist
1860 village policeman appointed to hold office of old parish Hayward
1862 Dec 24
th William Wilson rent charge of 5 to provide dinner for deserving Sunday School pupils (VCH P265)
1870 Education Act
1871 New Vicarage, Yeovil Rd, built
Terrible weather, low priced imports, disease in sheep- may have caused fall in population
1873 20,000 Farm Labourers protested on Ham Hill-‘Joseph Arch’ protest song/ newspaper cuttings
1875 Glove factory. Workers cottages, Vicarage and Queen St.
Montacute Baptist Chuch ‘preaching station’- probably Walters Farm Chapel (VCH)
1880 John Napper in debt/ sale of T’hull Court Grandmas Recollections by Phylis Scratch)
Apple crop failure(Exter college Docs-pleas for reduction in rent)
1881 Population 480-decline in agriculture /emigration a factor –Joseph Chaffey JNR.- Tintinhull, Australia
1882 total acreage of Parish 1,786
Exeter Col Docs 1124-Church Restoration , Nave 800, Chancel 500-254 people pledged monies
1888 church in bad state of repair and dirty(VCH P 262-5)
May 1st discovery of an Icthyosaurus
1895 village pump repaired
National Trust established
1896 policeman withdrawn – insufficient crime!
1900 Glove factory – Ensor and Southcombe









The Edwardians
Edward VII 1902 Coronation Tree
1901-1910 1907 Working Men’s Club
George V 1911 New church clock commemorates the Coronation(George V)
1910-36 1912 Elizabethan ‘buffet’ found in walls of Tintinhull ho. Contaning historical info. Inc. the deeds to the
Title of the rectory- Henry VIII 1529
1913 Break up of T’hull Manor Estate after 700 years,Court bought by Hallet Family
1914
WWI Changes!!
1920 War Memorial
Petrol pump installed
Private school in Dower House, Miss Truman
1921 Village Hall built (along side Marg. Taveners)
1929 Parish Pond (Horse Pond) filled in
1932 Eli Gaylord presented ‘rick-stones to enclose the Shrubbery
Electricity
Recreation Ground purchased -300
1933 last repair on the stocks
1924-1933 Property changed hands twice- Gordon and Sheppard
1928 Court bought by Mr HS howard
1933 bought by Mr and Mrs F E Reiss-extended the garden northwards.

Edward VIII 1936

George VI
1939-45 WWII agricultural and other changes/ Americans and their influence/blackouts/search lights/anti-aircraft guns
1936-52 1940’s up grading of the Dower Ho. By the Pullen family
Senior pupils sent ‘elsewhere’ for their education(VCH P265)
1945 Discovery of Roman villa at Lufton
Elizabeth II 1952 New Vestry dedicated to WWII participants
1952- Fire destroys old village hall
1953 Village Hall built on present site
National Trust acquires T’hull Ho.
1956 A gas main
1961 population 694
Sale of land on Head St and St Margarets by Leaches Farm
1962 Sale of The Great Barn (Court Mews) –developed by Trott, builders
1963 St Margarets Rd built/ development south of Head St
1965 Glove factory Southcombe Brothhers
1964 Last year a fair was held
1974 Cross Tree dies of Dutch Elm Disese
1987 Court bought by Lorna Rossbottom
1989 Old school becomes a residence
2001 Glove Factory closed
Court bought by E Carey Wilson