Copyright Guidance

All pages on this website are copyright TLHG all rights reserved

The content within the webpages has copyright specific to each text, image, video or audio item. The terms of the copyright will depend on what has been determined by the author and legislation (Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988). The law gives the creators of literary, dramatic, musical, artistic works, sound recordings, broadcasts, films and typographical arrangement of published editions, rights to control the ways in which their material may be used. Copyright generally lasts for 70 years from the end of the year in which the author dies although there are some exceptions.

Actions restricted by copyright
It is an offence to perform any of the following acts without the consent of the copyright owner
Copy the work.
Rent, lend or issue copies of the work to the public.
Perform, broadcast or show the work in public.
Adapt the work.
The author of a work, or a director of a copyright film may also have certain moral rights
The right to be identified as the author.
The right to object to derogatory treatment.

How you may use the content
1       Unknown Author
Much of the content has no known author or copyright terms. The Act allows ‘fair dealing’ exceptions to copyright. The most relevant exceptions are
Private and research study purposes.
Performance, copies or lending for educational purposes.
Criticism and news reporting.
Incidental inclusion.
Copies and lending by librarians.
Producing a back up copy for personal use of a computer program
You should be able demonstrably apply one or more of these exceptions if you make use of the content.

2      Copyright by Author
Content may have a copyright notice attached. This may contain some or all of the elements in the 2 examples below.
© ‘Name’ all rights reserved.
Copyright ‘Name’ all rights reserved.

The author may not reserve all rights but only part or even none of the rights. In these cases the copyright notice will show this as appropriate

If you wish to use the content which is restricted by copyright as in ‘Actions restricted by Copyright’ above then you must contact the author for the issue of a licence or other agreement.

If you are unable to make contact with the author or his / her heirs and assigns and have made every effort to do so, then you may apply to the Intellectual Property Office for them to treat the content as an orphan work. You may then be issued with a licence by them for a fee.

If your use of the content is limited to fair dealing then you may use the exceptions as listed in 1 above.

3        Crown Copyright
Crown copyright exists in works made by an officer of the Crown, this includes items such as documents and reports produced by government bodies. The National Archives has central responsibility for the management of the Crown’s copyright and database rights. Most licensing is under the non-transactional Open Government Licence (OGL). This allows virtually complete freedom to use the content however you may wish.  More information is available here

The content on this website will show the copyright where known.